Accession Number : ADA311899

Title :   Foreign Internal Defense, The Art of Counter-Insurgency and the Combined Action Platoon Concept.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Arminio, Thomas J.

PDF Url : ADA311899

Report Date : 20 MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 35

Abstract : This paper examines the Marine Corps' Combined Action Platoon (CAP) program in the Vietnam applicability to possible future counter-insurgency conflicts, as well as today's Foreign Internal Defense (FID) and Internal Defense and Development (IDAD) doctrine. The CAPs of I Corps were established in order to 'clear and hold' selected villages or hamlets, improve the capabilities of the Popular Forces (PFs), conduct civic action, and foster the pacification effort at the grass roots level. The Marines who participated in the CAP program fought the war in the hamlets, while front line Army and Marine units all too often waged war on the hamlets. In comparison to other American units operating in the populated areas of South Vietnam, CAPs killed and captured proportionately more of the enemy at less cost to themselves and were successfully employed as an economy of force asset. CAPs were also able to neutralize the village guerrilla and bring a certain amount of confidence to the villagers and local government officials. There will always be a need to study the lessons of the CAP program and other counter-insurgency efforts. Policy-makers and CINC planners will often find relevence in some of the concepts and methods employed in The past. The U.S. military should retain counter-insurgency expertise in support of FID strategies that will provide the training and readiness required should the U.S. once again become involved in a counter-insurgency conflict.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *DEFENSE PLANNING, *PLATOON LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, *MILITARY ART, FOREIGN POLICY, MILITARY STRATEGY, ECONOMICS, MILITARY DOCTRINE, FORECASTING, MARINE CORPS PLANNING, DEMILITARIZATION, MARINE CORPS PERSONNEL, MARINE CORPS TRAINING, VIETNAM, CIVIC ACTION, GUERRILLA WARFARE, VILLAGES, INSURGENCY, LIMITED WARFARE.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE