Accession Number : ADA312121
Title : Retrieval and Storage Consequences of Working Memory Limitations.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 May 93-14 May 96,
Corporate Author : SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Personal Author(s) : Engle, Randall W.
PDF Url : ADA312121
Report Date : 14 JUL 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 41
Abstract : The research funded by this grant addressed questions about the nature of individual differences in working memory (WM) capacity. Experiments showed that high and low WM subjects did not differ in retrieval from the inactive portion of memory and differed in retrieval from active or primary memory only under conditions of conflict or interference. In neither case was there a set size effect in retrieval from secondary memory. Another set of experiments showed that suppression of distracting or interfering information was a function of WM capacity and that suppression was diminished if the subjects was operating under a mental work load. The final project completed on the grant was a large scale factor analysis to determine whether the wide range of putative WM tasks reflect a common mechanism, whether that mechanism is manifest in simple short-term memory tasks and the relationship of these constructs to general fluid intelligence. In a series of confirmatory factor analyses, the WM tasks loaded closely together and a separate STM factor was necessary. The WM factor was closely associated with a factor for general fluid intelligence.
Descriptors : *MEMORY DEVICES, *INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, *STORAGE, SIZES(DIMENSIONS), SECONDARY, SHORT RANGE(TIME), LIMITATIONS, SCALING FACTOR, CONFLICT, RANGE(EXTREMES), WORKLOAD, FACTOR ANALYSIS.
Subject Categories : Information Science
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE