Accession Number : ADA312185
Title : Numerical Simulation of a Regional Icing Event By a Mesoscale Model.
Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,
Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
Personal Author(s) : Muller, Bruce D.
PDF Url : ADA312185
Report Date : 20 MAY 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 104
Abstract : A control run and a series of sensitivity studies were performed for this study on the developing extra-tropical cyclone in the central plans of the United States on 31 October 1994. The RAMS model was initialized using standard synoptic scale atmospheric data at 1200 UTC 31 October 1994, with a total of three stationary grids centered on Illinois and Indiana, which was the primary area of interest. The resulting extra-tropical cyclone very closely resembled observations and a supercooled cloud water field was produced in all the simulations performed at the flight level of the aircraft. The sensitivity studies entailed varying the number concentration of activated cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) from as low as 150/cm3 to as high as 1000/cm3. Additional sensitivity studies were performed in which the shape parameter of the gamma distribution function was switched to v=3 (versus the default value of 1), as well as a no hail case. The resulting droplet size distributions were then examined to determine icing potential based on the mass of cloud water in each bin of the droplet size distributions. Droplet size distribution is a critical element in determining icing potential. Large (D>30 jtm) droplets, having a higher collection efficiency than small droplets can, in certain types of distributions (low number concentration Nt) comprise most (over 80Y.) of the total mass of cloud droplets, resulting in potentially severe icing. Larger values of Nt require the droplet sizes to be smaller and thus appear to reduce the icing potential. Various methods of calculating the expected potential accumulation were used and resulted in possible accumulations of around 1 cm thickness of ice to over 20 cm, depending upon the simulation performed.
Descriptors : *ICE FORMATION, *CLOUD PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, ALGORITHMS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS, ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE, THESES, HIGH RESOLUTION, METEOROLOGICAL DATA, WEATHER FORECASTING, DROPS, HAIL, AVIATION ACCIDENTS, STORMS, WIND VELOCITY, RAINFALL, AVIATION SAFETY, AIR WATER INTERACTIONS, CLOUD COVER, ATMOSPHERE MODELS, SUPERCOOLING, HUMIDITY, WIND STRESS, TROPICAL CYCLONES, ICE FORECASTING, CONDENSATION NUCLEI.
Subject Categories : Meteorology
Snow, Ice and Permafrost
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE