Accession Number : ADA312193

Title :   The Effectiveness of Human Intelligence in Operation Uphold Democracy.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 95-7 Jun 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Urquhart, Martin I.

PDF Url : ADA312193

Report Date : 07 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 130

Abstract : This study investigates the effectiveness of human intelligence (HUMINT) support during the critical first twenty-seven days of Operation Uphold Democracy. Beginning with the initial permissive landing of the 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division on 19 September 1994, and concluding with the return of President Jean Bertrand Aristide on 15 October 1994, the study records the conduct of unclassified HUMINT collection and reporting throughout Haiti. Were HUMINT assets tasked, did they report, and did they answer the commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR)? The development of human intelligence is reviewed to arrive at a comprehensive understanding of what HUMINT is, and how it is collected. HUMINT assets within CJTF-180 are identified, and their employment is compared to doctrine. Contemporaneous messages, operational logs, and other unit operational documents are examined to identify and record HUMINT collection and reporting operations for the twenty-seven day period. The study concludes that HUMINT assets were appropriately tasked, they reported voluminously, and the information resulting from HUMINT collection and reporting effectively answered the commander's PIR.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *DATA ACQUISITION, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, *DEMOCRACY, *INTELLIGENCE(HUMANS), REQUIREMENTS, INTELLIGENCE, DOCUMENTS, RECORDS, HAITI.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Intelligence

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE