Accession Number : ADA312256

Title :   The Campaign to Defend Southwest France; 1 July 1813 Through 14 April 1814.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 95-7 Jun 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Turner, Kenneth A.

PDF Url : ADA312256

Report Date : 07 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 152

Abstract : This study examines the campaign to defend southwest France from 1 July 1813 until 14 April 1814 to garner insights that are applicable to today's officer. In the first stages of the campaign Marshal Soult conducted an operational offensive across the Pyrenees Mountains but was defeated at the Battle of Sorauren. After this battle, Soult retreated back into France and attempted to defend the French frontier by occupying three successive river lines. Wellesley attacked and defeated Soult's army at each of these lines forcing the French to ultimately retire on Toulouse where the campaign ended. A study of this campaign illustrates that there are a number of intangible factors that effect the success of a campaign. These factors include the impact of the commander's vision on the conduct of the campaign, as demonstrated by his active involvement in the operations, the decisions he makes during the campaign, as well as his ability to translate strategic guidance into a sound operational plan.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *MILITARY HISTORY, *FRANCE, *AREA DEFENSE, MILITARY COMMANDERS.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE