Accession Number : ADA312465

Title :   The Wolf Pack Connection: A Comparison of World War II Wolf Packs and Modern Attack Helicopter Tactics.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 95-7 Jun 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Ingalls, Stephen A.

PDF Url : ADA312465

Report Date : 07 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 160

Abstract : This study explores a comparison of World War II wolf packs and modern attack helicopter battalions. Descriptions of submarines using continuous employment, an attack helicopter technique, against convoys in the Pacific in 1945, and U-boat commanders describing their boats as 'hovering,' offer at least a superficial relationship. This paper investigates the comparison in more depth using four battlefield mechanics: force, target, action, and counteraction. A submarine engagement sequence is developed that offers striking similarity to the way helicopters maneuver against mechanized targets. While both must close with the massed target before employing their missile systems, helicopter forces, more than their submarine 'counterparts,' emphasize long range engagements, employing weapon standoff. History, however, suggests American experience in the Pacific began to demonstrate benefits of more distance submarine engagements. Helicopter forces employ fire and maneuver, more difficult for submarines, which have only marginal speed advantage over their intended targets.

Descriptors :   *ATTACK HELICOPTERS, *BATTALION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, *SUBMARINES, WEAPONS, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), GUIDED MISSILES, STANDOFF, EMPLOYMENT, BATTLEFIELDS, TARGETS, MECHANICS, HELICOPTERS, MANEUVERS, BOATS, MILITARY TACTICS, COUNTERMEASURES, HOVERING, MECHANIZATION.

Subject Categories : Helicopters
      Submarine Engineering
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE