Accession Number : ADA312521

Title :   Crack Propagation Studies to Determine Benign or Catastrophic Failure Modes for Aerospace Thin-Rim Gears.

Descriptive Note : Technical memo.,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CLEVELAND OH LEWIS RESEARCH CEN TER

Personal Author(s) : Lewicki, David G.

PDF Url : ADA312521

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 182

Abstract : Analytical and experimental studies were performed to investigate the effect of rim thickness on gear tooth crack propagation. The goal was to determine whether cracks grew through gear teeth (benign failure mode) or through gear rims (catastrophic failure mode) for various rim thicknesses. Gear tooth crack propagation was simulated using a finite element based computer program. Principles of linear elastic fracture mechanics were used. Quarter-point, triangular elements were used at the crack tip to represent the stress singularity. Crack tip stress intensity factors were estimated and used to determine crack propagation direction and fatigue crack growth rate. The computer program used had an automated crack propagation option in which cracks were grown numerically using an automated re-meshmg scheme. In addition, experimental studies were performed in the NASA Lewis Spur Gear Fatigue Rig. Gears with various backup ratios were tested to validate crack path predictions. Also, specialized crack propagation gages were installed on the test gears to measure gear tooth crack growth rate. From both predictions and tests, gears with backup ratios (rim thickness divided by tooth height) of 3.3 and 1.0 produced tooth fractures while a backup ratio of 0.3 produced rim fractures. For a backup ratio of 0.5, the experiments produced rim fractures and the predictions produced both rim and tooth fractures, depending on the initial crack conditions. Good correlation between the predicted number of crack propagation cycles and measured number of cycles was achieved using both the Paris fatigue crack growth method and the Collipriest crack growth equation when fatigue crack closure was considered.

Descriptors :   *FAILURE, *CRACK PROPAGATION, *AEROSPACE CRAFT, *CATASTROPHIC CONDITIONS, *GEAR TEETH, STRESSES, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, ELASTIC PROPERTIES, TEST EQUIPMENT, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), FATIGUE(MECHANICS), GAGES.

Subject Categories : Mechanics
      Machinery and Tools

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE