Accession Number : ADA312586
Title : GHz Modulators in the Mid-Infrared Using Ultra High Confinement Waveguides.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB FORT MONMOUTH NJ
Personal Author(s) : West, Lawrence C. ; Roberts, Charles W. ; Piscani, Emil C. ; Dubey, Madan ; Jones, Kenneth A.
PDF Url : ADA312586
Report Date : AUG 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 17
Abstract : A high speed modulator at low voltage is created in the mid-infrared at 10 micrometer wavelengths by using field-induced absorption on otherwise forbidden intersubband transitions. The physical effects could scale to 1.5 micrometer wavelength light. This modulator is packaged into a unique 3.50 micrometer long ultra high confinement (UHC) waveguide for low capacitance and high speed. The modulator quantum wells are at the interface of a 2.1 micrometer thick by 3.75 micrometer wide UHC Ge waveguide and the GaAs substrate. The quantum wells have a 17% power coupling to the evanescent fields of the GE waveguide. A connector to the UHC waveguides, with dimensions much smaller than a free space wavelength. has been developed and demonstrated using diffractive optical element arrays on the back side of the substrate and non-uniform grating couplers. Fields are applied across the modulator quantum wells via an ohmic contact to the side of the Ge waveguide on the top of the OWs. The ground is on the other side of the waveguide and lower towards the substrate. The 7 micrometer wide mesa supporting the quantum wells on the bottom of the Ge waveguide is slightly wider to accommodate a gold electrode.
Descriptors : *QUANTUM WELLS, *WAVEGUIDE COUPLERS, GALLIUM ARSENIDES, ARRAYS, EPITAXIAL GROWTH, OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES, GRATINGS(SPECTRA), GOLD, OPTICAL EQUIPMENT COMPONENTS, INFRARED OPTICAL MATERIALS, INTERMEDIATE INFRARED RADIATION, LIGHT MODULATORS, ELECTRIC CONTACTS, EVANESCENT WAVES.
Subject Categories : Infrared Detection and Detectors
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE