Accession Number : ADA312588

Title :   Theoretical and Experimental Determination of the Robust Biological Mechanism of Directional Selectivity.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Dec 90-14 Jun 94,

Corporate Author : ALABAMA UNIV AT BIRMINGHAM DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Amthor, Franklin R.

PDF Url : ADA312588

Report Date : 06 AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 149

Abstract : Physiological experimentation ana electrotonic modeling and simulation of On-Off directionally selective ganglion cells of the rabbit retina were interactively conducted to determine (1) the computational algorithms used by these cells to achieve their robust selectivity for direction of motion, (2) the synaptic circuitry which biophysically implements the directional-selective mechanism. The research showed that retinal directional selectivity Was based on both a last facilitative and slower, sustained inhibitory mechanism involving asymmetric contacts from retinal interneurons (amacrine cells). The research showed that this combination of interacting mechanisms could produce robust directionality independent of stimulus contrast sign and amount, speed, and shape. The mechanisms used by these cells perform direction selectivity more precisely and robustly than prior, extant theoretical mechanisms such as Reichardt correlation detectors. As such, artificial mechanisms built to detect direction of motion may fruitfully use the biological mechanisms studied in this research.

Descriptors :   *RETINA, *CELLS(BIOLOGY), *GANGLIA, ALGORITHMS, SIMULATION, COMPUTATIONS, DETECTORS, BIOLOGY, INTERACTIONS, MOTION, CORRELATION, ELECTRODES, CIRCUITS, INHIBITION, SYNAPSE, RABBITS.

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE