Accession Number : ADA312605

Title :   First Computer Code for Predicting Thermochemical Erosion in Gun Barrels.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WATERVLIET NY BENET WEAPONS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Sopok, Samuel ; O'Hara, Peter ; Pflegl, George ; Dunn, Stuart ; Coats, Douglas

PDF Url : ADA312605

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : An update is provided for the previously-presented gun barrel thermochemical erosion modeling code. This code addresses wall degradations due to transformations, chemical reactions, and cracking. As a predictive tool, it provides analysis and design information that is either unattainable or expensive by experiment. Single- or multiple-shot comparisons can be made of either the same gun wall material for different rounds, or different gun wall materials for the same round. ,this complex computer analysis is based on rigorous scientific thermochemical erosion considerations that have been validated in the reentry nosetip and rocket nozzle/chamber community over the last forty years. A gun system example is used to illustrate the five module analyses for chromium and gun steel wall materials for the same round. The first two modules include the somewhat modified standard gun community XNOVAKTC interior ballistics and BLAKE nonideal gas thermochemical equilibrium codes. The last three modules, significantly modified for gun barrels, include the standard rocket community two-dimensional kinetics!mass addition boundary layer (TDK/MABL), gas-wall thermochemistry TDK/CBT), and wall material ablation conduction erosion (MACE) codes. These five analyses provide thermochemical ablation, conduction, and erosion profiles for each material as a function of time, travel, and rounds. For the gun system example, at two axial positions, with cold and hot firing rates. predictions of rounds required to achieve 0.040-inch wall loss are made for cracked and uncracked 0.005-inch chromium plated A723 steel and A723 steel alone. Thermochemical erosion increases by a factor of about 2.0 from cracked chromium plated A723 steel to A723 steel alone. For a given%wall, thermochemical erosion decreases by a factor of 1.4 from the hot to the cold firing rates.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTER PROGRAMS, *GUN BARRELS, *EROSION, *THERMOCHEMISTRY, ABLATION, LOW TEMPERATURE, DEGRADATION, ATMOSPHERE ENTRY, MATERIALS, HIGH TEMPERATURE, STEEL, GASES, CODING, PROFILES, CHEMICAL REACTIONS, WALLS, COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, CHROMIUM, GUNS, NOSE TIPS, CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM, ROCKETS, FIRING RATE.

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Computer Programming and Software
      Guns

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE