Accession Number : ADA312983

Title :   United Nations Operation in Somalia II: United Nations Unity of Effort and United States Unity of Command.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 95-7 Jun 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Dixon, James C.

PDF Url : ADA312983

Report Date : 07 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 168

Abstract : This study investigates UN unity of effort and U.S. unity of command of forces in Somalia from Operation Restore Hope throughout United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II). The United States, having directed a successful United Task Force coalition effort, transferred command to the UN in May 1993 and took a supporting role. The study documents military history in Somalia and analyzes command relationships of American units and multinational contingents. Research demonstrates that, following the transition to UNOSOM II, unit of command did not exist for the U.S. force commander in Somalia (USFORSCOM) and unity of effort was not achieved by the UN. Command of U.S. forces was retained by individual unit commanders or by the geographic commanders in chief (CINC) himself. The senior American officer in-theater, USFORSCOM, dual-hatted as the deputy UN force commander, was not in the direct chain of command of U.S. contingent forces. Likewise, UN contingents failed to support the UN Force Commander. This study suggests that unity of command of U.S. forces in theater is a prerequisite for successful military operations whether they are U.S.-led or UN operations.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *MILITARY CAPABILITIES, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, *SOMALIA, *UNITED NATIONS, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, MILITARY HISTORY, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, LEADERSHIP, TASK FORCES, FAILURE, THESES.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE