Accession Number : ADA313019

Title :   The Roles and Missions for Rangers in the Twenty-First Century.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 95-7 Jun 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS

Personal Author(s) : Chae, Chelsea Y.

PDF Url : ADA313019

Report Date : 07 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 113

Abstract : This study examines the historical utility of the Ranger units since World War II. The research concept employs the study of three representative historical examples from World War II, Korea, and Ranger operations during Operation Just Cause. Examination of the utility of Rangers in the future is crucial in this period of reductions in the Army force structure. The study uses a set of five operational Special Operations Forces (SOF) criteria which are modified to suit Ranger operations at all three levels of war, strategic, operational, and tactical. The intent is to determine the factors that contributed to success or failure. This study concludes that Ranger forces bring a unique capability to the battlefield to support national policies and objectives. Although initially conceived and developed as elite infantry, the Rangers have evolved and, in reality, should be considered as a SOF. Given the uncertain nature of future threats, the U.S. cannot afford to rely on an ad hoc unit to perform special, politically sensitive missions. While the Ranger units provide connectivity with conventional forces, their employment as SOF will be key to success and their capabilities will be essential in providing the national command authority with crucial military options.

Descriptors :   *MISSIONS, *MILITARY CAPABILITIES, *ARMY PLANNING, *PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT, *SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES, MILITARY HISTORY, POLICIES, POLITICAL SCIENCE, BATTLEFIELDS, MODIFICATION, THESES, SENSITIVITY, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, INFANTRY PERSONNEL, STRATEGIC WARFARE, MILITARY FORCE LEVELS, ARMY OPERATIONS, TACTICAL WARFARE.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE