Accession Number : ADA313024

Title :   Reasoning-Congruent Learning Environments: Scaffolding Learning by Doing in New Domains.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. Aug 92-Mar 94,

Corporate Author : NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL INST FOR THE LEARNING SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Merrill, Douglass C. ; Reiser, Brian

PDF Url : ADA313024

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : One major focus of research in cognitive science and education has been the mental representation of problem solving knowledge. Novices facing problems in new domains need to reason about the causes and effects of domain operators to be able to learn from problem solving in the new domain. We argue that this causal reasoning allows novices to apply their learning to new situations. We will first highlight some difficulties facing novices in new domains, and propose a theory of learning environment design emphasizes the role of the problem solving environment as a structured note pad to support incremental planning and execution of problem solutions. We will describe three groups of actions that such an environment must lead students to perform and the outcomes of these actions for novices.

Descriptors :   *REASONING, *PROBLEM SOLVING, *LEARNING, *MENTAL ABILITY, ENVIRONMENTS, STUDENTS, COGNITION.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE