Accession Number : ADA313186

Title :   A PDE Sensitivity Equation Method for Optimal Aerodynamic Design.

Descriptive Note : Contractor rept.,

Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Borggaard, Jeff ; Burns, John

PDF Url : ADA313186

Report Date : JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 41

Abstract : The use of gradient based optimization algorithms in inverse design is well established as a practical approach to aerodynamic design. A typical procedure uses a simulation scheme to evaluate the objective function (from the approximate states) and its gradient, then passes this information to an optimization algorithm. Once the simulation scheme (CFD flow solver) has been selected and used to provide approximate function evaluations, there are several possible approaches to the problem of computing gradients. One popular method is to differentiate the simulation scheme and compute design sensitivities that are then used to obtain gradients. Although this black-box approach has many advantages in shape optimization problems, one must compute mesh sensitivities in order to compute the design sensitivity. In this paper, we present an alternative approach using the PDE sensitivity equation to develop algorithms for computing gradients. This approach has the advantage that mesh sensitivities need not be computed. Moreover, when it is possible to use the CFD scheme for both the forward problem and the sensitivity equation, then there are computational advantages. An apparent disadvantage of this approach is that it does not always produce consistent derivatives. However, for a proper combination of discretization schemes, one can show asymptotic consistency under mesh refinement, which is often sufficient to guarantee convergence of the optimal design algorithm. In particular, we show that when asymptotically consistent schemes are combined with a trust-region optimization algorithm, the resulting optimal design method converges. We denote this approach as the sensitivity equation method. The sensitivity equation method is presented, convergence results are given and the approach is illustrated on two optimal design problems involving shocks.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN, *PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, *AERODYNAMICS, TEST AND EVALUATION, AERODYNAMIC CONFIGURATIONS, ALGORITHMS, SIMULATION, OPTIMIZATION, SENSITIVITY, CONSISTENCY, MESH, CONVERGENCE, INVERSION, GRADIENTS.

Subject Categories : Aerodynamics
      Numerical Mathematics
      Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE