Accession Number : ADA313366

Title :   Decision Support for Battlefield Planning.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : DECISION SCIENCE CONSORTIUM INC FALLS CHURCH VA

Personal Author(s) : Lehner, Paul E. ; Tolcott, Marvin A.

PDF Url : ADA313366

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : As part of a research program investigating decision support capabilities for battlefield planning, an examination was made of developmental systems in each of five principal elements of Army C2I: maneuver control, fire support, air defense, intelligence and electronic warfare, and combat support services. The systems described generally fall into two categories (with some overlap): (1) decision support systems that attempt to capture automatic specific decision processes, usually employing advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence; and (2) decision aids that attempt to enhance human cognition in command decision making, usually based on psychological research findings. These efforts appear to be mainly driven by technology, rather than being based on systematic study of operational requirements and there is little evidence of their operational use. Another type of support, not reviewed, takes the form of application programs that process data already available in management information systems; these are being built into C2I systems by the systems developers, and are therefore likely to find operational use. Increased emphasis on studying command decision making requirements is recommended.

Descriptors :   *BATTLEFIELDS, *COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, *ARMY PLANNING, *DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, AIR DEFENSE, ELECTRONIC WARFARE, MANEUVERABILITY, AUTOMATION, MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, DECISION MAKING, LEADERSHIP, COMBAT SUPPORT, COGNITION, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, OVERLAP, MILITARY COMMANDERS, FIRE SUPPORT, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), DECISION AIDS.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Command, Control and Communications Systems

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE