Accession Number : ADA313483

Title :   Situation, Domain, and Coherence: Toward a Pragmatic Psychology of Understanding.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH

Personal Author(s) : Warner, John ; Burnstein, David D.

PDF Url : ADA313483

Report Date : JUL 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 46

Abstract : This report reviews theoretical perspectives about how people use and understand information. This is particularly relevant to an information production domain such as military intelligence. We focused on approaches in cognitive psychology and on problem solving in particular. These approaches proved limited in several important ways but specifically because the emphasis in cognitive psychology is information processing rather than information content and on 'toy' problems rather than the pragmatic use of information to meet a domain-relative objective. Drawing upon social cognition and semiotics, we propose a conceptual framework that emphasizes coherence, or how people make sense of information concerning a domain objective, and pragmatics, or how people actually use information to meet that objective. Finally, we suggest that while understanding mental processing that underlies the use of information may be valuable, our pragmatic coherence framework is better suited to address questions about how people use information. It will provide a more direct link between theory and application.

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, *PROBLEM SOLVING, *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, DIGITAL SYSTEMS, COHERENCE, HEURISTIC METHODS, INFORMATION THEORY, MENTAL ABILITY, INFORMATION PROCESSING, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, COMPREHENSION.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE