Accession Number : ADA313542

Title :   Geometric Modeling of Vehicle Paths and Confidence Regions.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : GEORGE MASON UNIV FAIRFAX VA CENTER FOR COMPUTATIONAL STATISTICS

Personal Author(s) : Ball, Celesta G. ; Wegman, Edward J.

PDF Url : ADA313542

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 11

Abstract : In transportation systems today, there is a need to predict where a vehicle will be at a given time in order to ensure safety, expediency and efficiency of traffic movement. There is generally a plan of travel, but outside forces (e.g., wind forecasting error, navigation system error) cause the actual path that is followed to be somewhat different from the planned path. The path of a vehicle is represented as a vector-valued curve in three-space. The construction of the confidence region about the curve takes advantage of an assumption that the deviation of the actual path from the predicted path will satisfy the conditions for a conditioned Brownian motion process. Using a cubic spline to estimate the predicted path, it is possible to obtain parameter values for the conditioned Brownian motion process, as well as error bounds for constructing the confidence region. An example is given to illustrate the forecasting technique, showing good results in predicting the path, constructing the confidence region, and detecting when the actual distribution of the deviation differs from the estimated distribution.

Descriptors :   *MATHEMATICAL MODELS, *AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS, *BROWNIAN MOTION, ALGORITHMS, KALMAN FILTERING, REGRESSION ANALYSIS, MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION, AIR NAVIGATION, ERROR ANALYSIS, POSITION FINDING, AIR SPACE, COVARIANCE, FLIGHT PATHS, AIR TRANSPORTATION, AIR TRAFFIC, STANDARD DEVIATION, CONFIDENCE LIMITS, CUBIC SPLINE TECHNIQUE.

Subject Categories : Operations Research
      Air Navigation and Guidance

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE