Accession Number : ADA314073

Title :   The Advent of Netwar.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA

Personal Author(s) : Arquilla, John ; Ronfeldt, David

PDF Url : ADA314073

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 127

Abstract : This briefing elucidates a concept-'netwar'-that we mentioned in an earlier article on 'cyberwar.' Whereas the latter term refers primarily to information-based military operations designed to disrupt an adversary, netwar relates to lower-intensity conflict at the societal end of the spectrum. In our view, netwar is likely to be the more prevalent and challenging form of conflict in the emerging information age and merits careful and sustained study. In terms of conduct, netwar refers to conflicts in which a combatant is organized along networked lines or employs networks for operational control and other communications. The organizational forms that netwar actors adopt may resemble 'stars' that have some centralized elements, or 'chains' that are linear, but the major design will tend to be 'all-channel' networks in which each principal node of an organization can communicate and interact with every other node. Further, netwar actors may develop hybrid structures that incorporate elements of some or all of the above designs in varied ways. Strong netwar actors will have not only organizational, but also doctrinal, technological, and social layers that emphasize network designs. Netwar actors may make heavy use of cyberspace, but that is not their defining characteristic-they subsist and operate in areas beyond it.

Descriptors :   *ELECTRONIC WARFARE, *COMPUTER NETWORKS, CONTROL, CHAINS, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, HYBRID SYSTEMS, CENTRALIZED, EVOLUTION(DEVELOPMENT).

Subject Categories : Countermeasures

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE