Accession Number : ADA314310

Title :   Defining the Operational End State: Operation Desert Storm.

Descriptive Note : Monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Matthews, Richard E.

PDF Url : ADA314310

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 44

Abstract : Defining the Operational End State: Operation Desert Storm, By Major Richard E. Matthews, 39 pages. This monograph examines what the author believes should be the critical first step in operational planning, defining and determining the end state. The operational end state is determined by an understanding of the strategic or political aim, and a linking of tactical engagements to achieve that aim. History has shown that America's armed forces have not always been committed in conflicts with clearly defined end states, and sometimes when it has, commanders on their own have deviated from the previously agreed upon end state. Too often there is a desire to become actively involved in a conflict without any idea for how things will be resolved. Having a clear end state is a vision for accomplishing the desired the ends. The Persian Gulf War serves an example of the military success that can be achieved, if political leaders first, define the desired end state, and second, allowed military leaders the means and the flexibility to fight the battles to achieve the political goal. Using a combination of theory, doctrine, and history, this paper seeks to establish that end states must be given more importance in our doctrine and planning. Military forces should not be committed unless leaders at every level--strategic, operational, and tactical--have articulated what is to be accomplished. When the end state has been carefully and clearly stated, American forces have proven they will give the full measure of devotion to that cause.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *THEORY, *PLANNING, *STRATEGIC WARFARE, *TACTICAL WARFARE, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MILITARY HISTORY, IRAQ, LEADERSHIP, PERSIAN GULF, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, STOPPING, MILITARY COMMANDERS, BATTLES.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE