Accession Number : ADA314317

Title :   Force XXI: What Are the Risks of Building a High Tech, Narrowly Focused Army?

Descriptive Note : Monograph,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Jones, Brian D.

PDF Url : ADA314317

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : This monograph examines the doctrinal and acquisition focus of Force XXI in light of the projected future strategic environment. Despite its conceptual overtones, Force XXI is currently physically manifested in both a doctrinal publication and in the Army's modernization plans. Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Pamphlet 525-5, Force XXI Operations, contains the Army's initial effort at defining the probable nature of the future strategic environment and the technological acceleration that is anticipated. It outlines the Army's concept for conducting war in the future, and provides a conceptual framework for the types of weapons and systems the Army will need to counter the diverse nature of future threats. Although cognizant of the requirements for modernization to meet threats throughout the spectrum of conflict, Force XXI is aimed at a very narrow portion of the upper end of that spectrum. TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5, while providing a comprehensive summary of the dangers emerging in the last part of this century, fails to adequately address how the Army will deal with the entire spectrum of conflict. The baffle dynamics explained in the text are centered on traditional, conventional warfare. OOTW is initially addressed, but its presence is marginalized in favor of discussion of conventional baffle. A review of programmed expenditures illustrates the Army's almost total dedication to the high end of the spectrum; the traditional form of combat that some critics assert is the least likely to occur in the near future. The concentration of resources on this very narrow slice of the spectrum of conflict does not come without a corresponding cost. Assessing that cost is the crux of the Army leadership's modernization dilemma. Judging where along the spectrum of conflict to accept risk is an infinitely difficult process.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, *RISK, *STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *CONVENTIONAL WARFARE, *MILITARY MODERNIZATION, *ARMY PLANNING, ACQUISITION, ARMY TRAINING, DYNAMICS, MODIFICATION, ACCELERATION, VULNERABILITY, COSTS, THREAT EVALUATION, RESOURCES, CONFLICT, STRATEGIC WARFARE, EQUATIONS, SPECTRUM ANALYSIS, ARMY BUDGETS, TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING, LEADERSHIP TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE