Accession Number : ADA314857

Title :   Augmentation and Control of Burn Rates In Plasma Devices.

Descriptive Note : Summary rept. 1 Oct 95-30 Sep 96,

Corporate Author : NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV AT RALEIGH DEPT OF NUCLEAR ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Bourham, Mohamed A. ; Gilligan, John G.

PDF Url : ADA314857

Report Date : 30 SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : Enhanced burn rates of JA-2 solid granular propellant through plasma ignition is evident. Burn rates increased by about a factor of 3 compared to conventional ignition, when plasma is injected normal to the surface of the propellant sample. Geometrical influence on JA-2 burn rates with plasma ignition showed increased burn rate with increased angle of injection. Time-averaged plasma temperatures of 0.8 to 1.2 eV and plasma densities of 2 x 10(exp 23) to 4.5 x 10(exp 23 m-3 have been deduced from relative intensities and stark broadening of copper lines. Erosive burn may be affected by formation of new surface areas governed by the initial level of plasma-propellant interaction. Increased neutral constituents at the plasma-propellant interface at larger injection angles may also be responsible for the observed decrease in line intensity. The vapor shield plasma at the flame temperature has a strong effect on radiative heating, the boundary layer becomes optically thick and absorbs a large fraction of the incoming energy. Plasma boundary layer temperature is less than that of the core plasma showing an energy transmission factor of less than 10% at large inclination angles, suggesting that plasma kinetic pressure has a stronger effect on the burn rate than the plasma radiative heat flux.

Descriptors :   *COMBUSTION, *PLASMA ENGINES, INJECTION, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), BOUNDARY LAYER, EROSION, IGNITION, FLAMES, BURNING RATE, HEAT FLUX, RADIANT HEATING.

Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
      Electric and Ion Propulsion

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE