Accession Number : ADA314869

Title :   Prospective U.S. Policy on Technology and Arms Transfers to South America.

Descriptive Note : Research rept. Aug 95-Apr 96,

Corporate Author : INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Farrar, Jonathan D.

PDF Url : ADA314869

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 39

Abstract : For decades, U.S. policy on nonproliferation controls and weapons exports to Argentina, Brazil, and Chile was built upon Cold War-era suspicions of the military governments in power in those countries. American concerns over the proliferation activities of governments and private firms and human rights abuses by the military regimes led to stringent bilateral controls on exports and security cooperation. Revelations surfacing in the wake of the transitions to civilian authority in these countries and of the Persian Gulf conflict proved these suspicions to have been correct. The governments, societies, and economies of these countries have undergone a sea change during the 1990s, as U.S. policy has struggled to keep apace. U.S. interests now lie in incorporating these countries into the international nonproliferation regimes and converting their militaries into reliable partners in international peacekeeping. The United States should undertake a number of low-cost initiatives to help transform the region into a reliable security partner.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, *ARMS CONTROL, *SOUTH AMERICA, WEAPONS, CONTROL, UNITED STATES, POLICIES, EXPORTS, LOW COSTS, PERSIAN GULF, SECURITY, RELIABILITY, CONFLICT, INTERNATIONAL, COOPERATION, ARGENTINA, BRAZIL, CHILE, PEACEKEEPING.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE