Accession Number : ADA314999

Title :   Auroral and Midlatitude Radar Studies: Radar Methods for Improved Diagnostics of the HF-Modified and Natural Ionospheres.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 28 Sep 92-31 Jan 95,

Corporate Author : GEOSPACE RESEARCH INC EL SEGUNDO CA

Personal Author(s) : Djuth, Frank T. ; Elder, John H. ; Williams, Kenneth L.

PDF Url : ADA314999

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 71

Abstract : This research program addresses fundamental issues related to the interaction of a high-power, high- frequency (3 - 10 MHz) radio wave with the ionosphere. Data acquired with incoherent scatter radars and a modest (50 kW) VHF radar were examined. The reported observations were made with the Arecibo HF modification facility in Puerto Rico and the Tromsoe 'superheater' located in Norway. Particular attention is paid to the excitation of Langmuir and ion turbulence and the development of induced ionospheric irregularities. Within 50 ms of HF beam turn on, the ionospheric plasma behaves as a smooth stratified medium. In this environment, elements of strong Langmuir turbulence are detected near the altitude where the HF frequency matches the local electron plasma frequency. The coupling between Langmuir oscillations and ionospheric perturbations is examined over both intermediate (50 ms to several seconds) and long time scales (tens of seconds and beyond) to elucidate HF energy partitioning in the plasma. An additional investigation focused on the physics of missile plumes in the lower atmosphere is also described. This can be viewed as a lower atmosphere modification experiment in which missile fuel generates a highly collisional plasma. Plume signatures were measured with a VHF radar to help verify model calculations of cross section and spectral content.

Descriptors :   *EXHAUST PLUMES, *RADAR SIGNATURES, *IONOSPHERIC DISTURBANCES, GUIDED MISSILES, HIGH FREQUENCY, COMPUTATIONS, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), RADAR, CROSS SECTIONS, INCOHERENT SCATTERING, IONOSPHERIC MODELS, RADIO WAVES, STRATIFICATION, VERY HIGH FREQUENCY, LOW ALTITUDE, IONOSPHERIC MODIFICATION.

Subject Categories : Atmospheric Physics
      Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE