Accession Number : ADA315199
Title : The Biodegradation of Propellants M3lAlEl and NOSIH-AA2 in Compost, Soil Slurries, and Liquid Cultures.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
Personal Author(s) : Adrian, Neal R.
PDF Url : ADA315199
Report Date : AUG 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 33
Abstract : Munition production operations generate a large amount of waste material, which has historically been disposed of by open burning (OB) and open detonation (OD). However, OB/OD presents the potential for contamination of air, water, and soil. Increasingly stringent environmental regulations may force the interruption of munitions production if alternative waste disposal options such as controlled incineration, wet air oxidation, super critical water oxidation, and composting are not developed. This study evaluated the biodegradation of triple (M3 lAlEl) and double base (NOSIH-AA2) propellants in compost, liquid culture, and soil slurries. No biodegradation of the production grade propellants was observed in compost or soil slurry incubations. In serum bottle incubation studies, some components of the propellants were biodegraded. The nitroglycerin component of both propellants was degraded in both the experimental and sterile control bottles in less than 1 week, suggesting an abiotic mechanism was responsible for its degradation. Nitroguanidine, a component of propellant M3lAlEl, was resistant to biodegradation. However, when an additional electron donor was added to the medium, 62 percent of the nitroguanidine was biodegraded under methanogenic conditions. The study concludes that biological treatment processes will have a limited role in disposing of production grade propellants.
Descriptors : *LIQUIDS, *PROPELLANTS, *SLURRIES, *SOILS, *BIODEGRADATION, *COMPOSTS, *CULTURE, PRODUCTION, AIR, WATER, EXPLOSIVES, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, COMBUSTION, OXIDATION, MUNITIONS INDUSTRY, ELECTRON DONORS, WASTE DISPOSAL, CONTAMINATION, INCINERATORS, POLLUTION, DETONATIONS, ABIOTIC PROCESSES, NITROCELLULOSE, NITROGUANIDINE, NITROGLYCERIN.
Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
Air Pollution and Control
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE