Accession Number : ADA315860

Title :   Thermodynamics and Processing of Block Copolymers with NLO Application.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Mar-31 Aug 96,

Corporate Author : MINNESOTA UNIV ST PAUL

Personal Author(s) : Bates, Frank S.

PDF Url : ADA315860

Report Date : AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : During this project more than one-hundred block copolymers, spanning seven different chemical combinations and numerous molecular weights and compositions, were synthesized using anionic polymerization and chemical modification techniques. Phase behavior was characterized with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and transmission electron microscopy, guided by dynamic mechanical spectroscopy measurements. A comprehensive picture of the phase behavior of diblock copolymers near the order-disorder transition has been established. Three new morphologies, bicontinuous with Ia3(bar)d space group symmetry, hexagonally perforated layers (HPL) and hexagonally modulated layers (HML) have been identified along with the classical lamellar, cylindrical and spherical structures. Application of a new in-situ shear-SANS experiment has aided in elucidating the susceptibility of these phases to deformation and flow. Reciprocating shear has been shown to produce macroscopic orientation, and to shift the phase boundaries. Similar static and dynamic phenomena were found for binary mixtures of diblock copolymers, thereby demonstrating a versatile method for controlling structure and properties without the need to produce new materials at each desired composition. p1

Descriptors :   *THERMODYNAMICS, *BLOCK COPOLYMERS, *NONLINEAR OPTICS, SHEAR PROPERTIES, MEASUREMENT, SPECTROSCOPY, CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, DYNAMICS, LAYERS, MODIFICATION, PROCESSING, POLYMERIZATION, DEFORMATION, MOLECULAR WEIGHT, MORPHOLOGY, COPOLYMERS, ORDER DISORDER TRANSFORMATIONS, PHASE STUDIES, MIXTURES, ELECTRON MICROSCOPY, TRANSMITTANCE, MODULATION, ANIONS, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, PERFORATION, BLOCK POLYMERS, NEUTRON SCATTERING, MECHANICAL SCANNING.

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE