Accession Number : ADA315904

Title :   Bonnet Carre' Freshwater Diversion, Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Borgne, Biloxi Marshes, Mississippi River Gulf Outlet, and the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal: An Evaluation by the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.

Corporate Author : COMMITTEE ON TIDAL HYDRAULICS (ARMY) WASHINGTON DC

PDF Url : ADA315904

Report Date : SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 78

Abstract : The USACE New Orleans District has been authorized by Congress to construct a structure at the Bonnet Carre' floodway to divert Mississippi River water into Lake Pontchartrain in order to reduce salinities in the Mississippi-Louisiana estuarine area. The project involves consideration of the roles that the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) and Inner Harbor Navigation Canal (IHNC) play in the system's salinities, and the District asked the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics to review information on the Bonnet Carre' Freshwater Diversion project and answer the following questions: (1) Can the contribution of the MRGO-IHNC to the increase in salinity in Lake Pontchartrain and adjacent waterways be economically controlled? (2) If so, can the Bonnet Carre freshwater diversions be reduced in magnitude while still producing. This report by the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics provides the following conclusions: (1) The Inner Harbor Navigation Canal (IHNC) contributes about 5 percent of the Lake Pontchartrain tidal prism but about 9 percent of the salt flux into the lake. (2) The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO) contributes about six times as much salt to Lake Borgne as the IHNC contributes to Lake Pontchartrain. (3) Salt intrusion to Lake Pontchartrain cannot be significantly reduced by controlling flows at the IHNC connection to the lake, but construction of a sill-weir combination might alleviate the hypoxia zone that forms in Lake Pontchartrain near the airport. Further field data are needed to determine how effective such a structure would be.

Descriptors :   *TIDAL CURRENTS, *FRESH WATER, *SALINITY, *ESTUARIES, DATA BASES, ALGORITHMS, WATER FLOW, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, SALTS, WETLANDS, HYDRAULICS, WATER QUALITY, MISSISSIPPI RIVER, FLOODING, LAKES, HARBORS, WATER DISTRIBUTION, FLOOD CONTROL, SWAMPS, CANALS, LOUISIANA, INLETS(WATERWAYS), OYSTERS.

Subject Categories : Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE