Accession Number : ADA317155

Title :   Barrel Roll, 1968-73: An Air Campaign in Support of National Policy,

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL

Personal Author(s) : Lamy, Perry L.

PDF Url : ADA317155

Report Date : SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 79

Abstract : Barrel Roll (1968-73) was the US air campaign conducted over northern Laos in support of the Royal Laotian Government (RLG). Although the campaign supported US national policy in Southeast Asia (SEA), it was constrained by US military strategy and objectives in South Vietnam and responded to North Vietnamese military strategy and objectives. The mission of Barrel Roll was to conduct air operations in support of the RLG by (1) interdicting enemy supplies moving through northern Laos and (2) providing air support for Laotian ground forces fighting the North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao. The last four years of Barrel Roll-from November 1968 to February 1973-hold especial interest due to changes in US national and military strategy in SEA. An examination of air operations relies on the "campaign model" found in Department of Defense Joint Publication 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations. It answers five questions: Why is the campaign conducted? What is to be accomplished? How will it be accomplished? How much resource is applied? and What are the results? Results are assessed in terms of effects and effectiveness of airpower. Effects are the direct or immediate outcome, for example, the destruction of a target. Effectiveness examines the indirect outcome at the operational or strategic level, including defeating the enemy in battle or achieving theater objectives. From the perspective of achieving objectives, Barrel Roll was an effective air campaign in support of national, strategic, and operational objectives in SEA. Relevant lessons of Barrel Roll include the central control of airpower, employment of airpower in an undeveloped country, and use of airpower in unconventional combat. Cost is assessed in terms of attack sorties, ordnance delivered, and bomb damage assessment results. This data is listed in an appendix.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *FOREIGN POLICY, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *LESSONS LEARNED, *MISSIONS, *TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT, DEVELOPING NATIONS, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, EMPLOYMENT, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), MILITARY DOCTRINE, INFANTRY, INTERDICTION, DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, ATTACK, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, COSTS, ENEMY, SUPPLIES, ORDNANCE, AIR POWER, SOUTHEAST ASIA, BOMB DAMAGE, LAOS, NORTH VIETNAM, SOUTH VIETNAM.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE