Accession Number : ADA317624

Title :   Physical System Dynamics and White Phosphorus Fate and Transport, 1994, Eagle River Flats, Fort Richardson, Alaska,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Lawson, Daniel E. ; Hunter, Lewis E. ; Bigl, Susan R. ; Nadeau, Beth M. ; Weyrick, Patricia B.

PDF Url : ADA317624

Report Date : AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 75

Abstract : Eagle River Flats (ERF) is a subarctic estuarine salt marsh where human and natural forces are causing significant changes in the environment. Multiple internal and external forces govern the physical and chemical processes by actively altering surface conditions, sometimes in unpredictable ways. ERF is also used as an artillery range by the U.S. Army, where past use has resulted in white phosphorous (WP) contamination of the sediments within ponds and mudflats. Bottom-feeding waterfowl ingest this WP, which causes rapid death. This report documents analyses of the physical environment, describing the nature of the physical systems and factors controlling them. It includes data on sedimentation, erosion and hydrology. These investigations provide knowledge necessary to designing and evaluating remedial technologies. They also help determine the system's capacity to naturally attenuate the WP contamination.

Descriptors :   *WATER POLLUTION, *ESTUARIES, *WHITE PHOSPHORUS, TEMPERATURE, WATER FLOW, ALASKA, HYDROLOGY, OXYGEN, EROSION, RIVERS, CONTAMINATION, POLLUTION ABATEMENT, WETLANDS, SALINITY, SEDIMENTS, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, PH FACTOR, ARTILLERY, SEDIMENTATION, TIDES, TURBIDITY.

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE