Accession Number : ADA317849

Title :   Use of Short Time Series for Early Global Warming Trend Detection for Ocean Acoustic Travel Times.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : MISSION RESEARCH CORP NEWINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : McCartor, Gary D. ; Wortman, William R. ; Bottone, Steven

PDF Url : ADA317849

Report Date : 28 SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Previous work indicated that for expected variability of ocean acoustic propagation times and the level of anticipated warming trends, it may take at least two decades of observation to establish, with an adequate level of confidence, that warming does or does not exist. In the current report, we have attempted to establish the extent to which the use of data from a shorter period may allow at least better definition of the period needed to establish these warming trends. Truncated simulated data sets, generally 5 or 10 years, from the MASIG model of acoustic propagation time variability over decades have been used to establish the extent to which the statistical trend extraction techniques give stable results using these shorter series to define the noise background. It is found that the use of these shorter series provides an apparent reduction of time required to detect trends; This unfortunately indicates that meaningful estimates of warming trends cannot be made with use of a lengthy data set approaching the full 20 year interval. Generally it is found that once the length of the background data is less than half of the full set, the estimates of times needed to detect trends are, falsely, reduced. This indicates that the variability which tends to mask trends is long period and that shorter observation intervals do not allow characterization of this variability. In another portion of this study, we fmd that the substantial short term variability seen in the first six months of the ATOC experiment is comparable with that seen by Spiesberger but that this variability plays almost no role for the long term trend detection problem, which is dominated by multiyear periods.

Descriptors :   *STATISTICAL SAMPLES, *CLIMATOLOGY, *ACOUSTIC VELOCITY, TIME SERIES ANALYSIS, ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENT, UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS, PERIODIC VARIATIONS, UNDERWATER SOUND SIGNALS.

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE