Accession Number : ADA318172

Title :   Effective Leadership in TPU's: Findings from Interviews at 16 Units.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT

Personal Author(s) : Thomas, Kenneth ; Barrios-Choplin, Bob

PDF Url : ADA318172

Report Date : JUL 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 53

Abstract : This report summarizes Phase 11 of a study of effective leadership behavior in company-level units (TPU's) in the U.S. Army Reserve. Extensive interviews were conducted in 16 high-priority (FSP) units, focusing on effective/ineffective leadership behavior by company commanders. Results underscore the fundamental importance of leadership to unit readiness and retention. The report identifies leader behaviors that influence readiness and retention by building five key conditions in the unit: training quality, standards, cohesiveness, confidence and respect in the leader, and support from spouses and employers. One finding involves the importance of the leader's time commitment to the unit. Another involves leader behaviors essential to managing unit training, including availability to subordinates, planning and delegation, and protecting the plan. Another includes a three-stage strategy for turning around units with low standards. Another involves identification of three leadership values that tend to produce trust and confidence: mission, standards/accountability, and soldier care. Concrete best practices are cited for each effective leadership behavior identified. The report also identifies two 'leadership traps' that several less-effective leaders fell into, involving micromanagement and punishment. The report concludes with several recommendations, including the need for leadership training.

Descriptors :   *LEADERSHIP, *OPERATIONAL READINESS, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, *PERSONNEL RETENTION, MILITARY RESERVES, TRAINING, ARMY PERSONNEL, STANDARDS, COMPANY LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, BEHAVIOR, LEADERSHIP TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE