Accession Number : ADA318501

Title :   Capacitive Deionization of NH4ClO4 Solutions with Carbon Aerogel Electrodes.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. Oct 94-Jun 95,

Corporate Author : LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LAB CA CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE DEPT

Personal Author(s) : McSweeney, Kevin T. ; Morris, Dave ; Rettle, Bob ; Kelley, Stephen E.

PDF Url : ADA318501

Report Date : 15 AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 58

Abstract : A process for the capacitive deionization of water with a stack of carbon aerogel electrodes has been developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Unlike ion exchange, one of the more conventional deionization processes, no chemicals are required for regeneration of the system. Electricity is used instead. Water with various anions and cations is pumped through the electrochemical cell. After polarization, ions are electrostatically removed from the water and held in the electric double layers formed at the surfaces of electrodes. The water leaving the cell is purified, as desired. The effects of cell voltage and cycling on the electrosorption capacities for NH4ClO4 and NaCl have been investigated and are reported here.

Descriptors :   *WATER, *ELECTROCHEMISTRY, *ELECTRODES, *AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, IONS, CATIONS, POLARIZATION, SOLUTIONS(MIXTURES), CHEMICALS, LAYERS, CELLS, SURFACES, ELECTRICITY, ELECTRIC POWER, SODIUM CHLORIDE, ANIONS, ION EXCHANGE, DEIONIZATION, ELECTROLYTIC CELLS, REGENERATION(ENGINEERING).

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE