Accession Number : ADA319051

Title :   Military-Media Relations: A Study of the Evolving Relationship During and After the Gulf War.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Kemper, Antoinette T.

PDF Url : ADA319051

Report Date : 10 DEC 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 175

Abstract : The study examines the status of military-media relations in the aftermath of the Gulf War. Based on public relations theory, studies on source-journalist relationships, the historical precedence of wartime military-media relations, studies about military public affairs, and critiques of the Gulf War situation, the author assesses the Gulf War media policy, the post-Gulf War revised DoD policy, and their impact on present relations. The perspectives of media representatives, military representatives, and communication scholars about Gulf War and present military-media relations were gathered through interviews. Findings of each study group were analyzed and compared. Findings of previous studies on the subject are also discussed. The researcher concludes, while some provisions of the Gulf War policy did not facilitate open media coverage, problems in the policy's execution created more tension between the military and the media. Hostility towards the media also remained from the Vietnam era. Military commanders' support is also a prerequisite for media access to units. Military education programs to foster a better appreciation of a free press' role free in a democracy are needed for all members. In addition, the author recommends additional public affairs training, including a mentoring program, be instituted. Also, while the military should continue to provide opportunities for reporters to participate in training exercises to learn about the military, it is unrealistic to expect that most reporters can participate due to shrinking resources at news organizations. Finally, military and media representatives continue a dialogue to regularly discuss issues of mutual concern.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *INFORMATION EXCHANGE, *MEDIA, *PUBLIC RELATIONS, MILITARY HISTORY, POLICIES, MILITARY ASSISTANCE, EDUCATION, TRAINING, THEORY, ACCESS, MILITARY COMMANDERS, WARTIME.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Information Science
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE