Accession Number : ADA319445

Title :   Chokepoints: Maritime Economic Concerns in Southeast Asia.

Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Noer, John H. ; Gregory, David

PDF Url : ADA319445

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 120

Abstract : To ensure unrestricted sea lines of communication (SLOCs) in Southeast Asia (SEA), the U.S. Navy is assigned the task of helping to maintain clear maritime passage through the sea lanes of the region. For many years, the prime concern was military, not economic, as the United States required secure maritime transport via SLOCs in case of war. Now the emphasis has shifted to the economic component of our national security, a policy reaffirmed when the United States announced it would not accept disruption of trade in the South China Sea. In March and again in May, 1995, Secretary of State Christopher warned quarreling claimants to the Spratly reefs not to interfere with international shipping. What is the economic logic behind the American stance on freedom of navigation for commercial shipping? For the U.S. a concern is: "Who benefits from keeping sea lanes open, and how much do they benefit?" A related question is: "Who would be hurt if the sea lanes were closed, and how much would it hurt them?"

Descriptors :   *ECONOMICS, *MARINE TRANSPORTATION, *SOUTHEAST ASIA, *STRATEGIC AREAS, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), NATIONAL SECURITY, COMMERCE, NAVAL OPERATIONS, COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, MERCHANT VESSELS, SEA BASED, SHIPPING, SOUTH CHINA SEA.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Geography
      Marine Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE