Accession Number : ADA319451

Title :   An Experiment Investigating the Effects of Requesting-vs--Not-Requesting Demographics in an Anonymous Army Survey on Sensitive Topics.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Mar 95-Mar 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Savell, Joel M. ; Bright, Andrea J.

PDF Url : ADA319451

Report Date : AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : The research sought evidence on the following hypothesis derived from previous research: Including standard military and social demographic items in an Army survey (a) increases respondents' concern about anonymity (proximal effect) and (b) leads respondents to respond to sensitive items in a more cautious and socially desirable manner (distal effect). Subjects were 100 enlisted soldiers E2-E4. The experimental manipulation was validated, and some proximal effects were demonstrated. The hypothesis concerning the distal effect, however, was only partly supported. Possible explanations for the results are discussed, along with suggestions for further research.

Descriptors :   *ARMY RESEARCH, *ENLISTED PERSONNEL, *SENSITIVITY, *SURVEYS, *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ARMY PERSONNEL, EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, DEMOGRAPHY, IDENTIFICATION, QUALITY, HYPOTHESES, QUESTIONNAIRES.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE