Accession Number : ADA319506

Title :   An Empirical Assessment of Coaching and Practice Effects on Three Army Tests of Spatial Aptitude.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Mar 91-Jun 92,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Busciglio, Henry H. ; Palmer, Dale R.

PDF Url : ADA319506

Report Date : JUL 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 33

Abstract : Three Army tests of spatial aptitude; Assembling Objects, Figural Reasoning, and Orientation were included in the Enhanced Computer Administered Testing (ECAT) project. ECAT was a joint service effort to evaluate measures for possible addition to future versions of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). Because both practice and coaching effects might threaten the long-term validity of these tests, U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences researchers assessed their susceptibility to such effects. Overall, we found coaching and practice effects that are comparable to those obtained in previous research using spatial tests. The Orientation test was the only measure for which specific coaching led to significantly larger effect sizes than did practice alone. These results have ramifications for future research and development, such as exploring ways to: lower the susceptibility of the Orientation test to coaching, and reduce practice effects on the Assembling Objects and Figural Reasoning tests. We hope these activities help to ensure the long term validity of these Army tests.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *APTITUDE TESTS, *HABITUATION LEARNING, ARMY RESEARCH, VALIDATION, ARMY PERSONNEL, REASONING, QUESTIONNAIRES, PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), APTITUDES, CONDITIONING(LEARNING), TEST CONSTRUCTION(PSYCHOLOGY), TRANSFER OF TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE