Accession Number : ADA319517

Title :   Background Graphics: A Decision-Making Hindrance or Enhancement?

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Peeler, David L., Jr

PDF Url : ADA319517

Report Date : SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 160

Abstract : This thesis investigated the influence, if any, of background graphics on the decision making process. Specifically the hypotheses tested the affect of background graphics on a decision makers accuracy and confidence. A literature review revealed an abundance of graphic research but little reference to the use of background graphics. Using guidelines previously created for high integrity graphics, a timed 2 x 2 factorial experimental design was developed to compare the responses to both traditional graphics and those treated with background graphics. One hundred forty-seven subjects, all employees of the United States Air Force or defense contractors were involved in the experiments. The Kruskal-Wallis test was employed to test the hypotheses. The analysis of the test results indicate that background graphics neither affect decision accuracy nor the confidence a decision-maker places in a decision. It was also determined that gender and training have no affect on accuracy and confidence.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *COMPUTER GRAPHICS, *BACKGROUND, *DECISION AIDS, TEST AND EVALUATION, AIR FORCE, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, LITERATURE SURVEYS, EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, CONTRACTORS, ACCURACY, THESES, AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, MICROCOMPUTERS, HYPOTHESES, HIGH RELIABILITY, FACTORIAL DESIGN.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE