Accession Number : ADA319601

Title :   A 50-Year Prospective Study of the Psychological Sequelae of World War II Combat.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. Jul 93-Jul 96,

Corporate Author : NORTH CAROLINA UNIV AT CHAPEL HILL

Personal Author(s) : Lee, Kimberly A. ; Vaillant, George E. ; Torrey, William C. ; Elder, Glen H., Jr

PDF Url : ADA319601

Report Date : JAN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : The authors take advantage of a 50-year prospective study of World War II veterans to examine the predictors and correlates of combat exposure, posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and trait neuroticism (NEO). The subjects were 107 veterans who had been extensively studied before and immediately after serving overseas in World War II. All served as members of the study until the present time, and 91 filled out both questionnaires of PTSD symptoms and neuroticism. In this study group variables associated with positive psychosocial health in adolescence and at age 65 predicted combat exposure. Combat exposure and number of physiological symptoms during combat--but not during civilian stress-predicted symptoms of PTSD in 1946 and 1988. Combat exposure also predicted early death and study attrition. Psychosocial vulnerability in adolescence and at age 65 and physiological symptoms during civilian-but not during combat stress--predicted trait neuroticism at age 65. Combat exposure predicted symptoms of PTSD but not nonspecific measures of psychopathology. Premorbid vulnerability predicted subsequent psychopathology but not symptoms of PTSD.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, *ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY, *VETERANS(MILITARY PERSONNEL), *TIME STUDIES, PREDICTIONS, HEALTH, ATTRITION, VULNERABILITY, ADOLESCENTS, VARIABLES, CORRELATION, PHYSIOLOGY, DEATH, QUESTIONNAIRES, ADULTS, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Psychology
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE