Accession Number : ADA319810

Title :   Political and Economic Implications of Global Naval Presence.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : SYSTEM PLANNING CORP ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Zakheim, Dov S. ; Newman, Sally ; Ranney, Jeffrey M. ; Smull, Richard ; Colohan, Peter

PDF Url : ADA319810

Report Date : 30 SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 60

Abstract : The United States has determined that overseas military presence during peacetime, often termed "forward presence" or "peacetime presence"; should remain an integral part of its force posture in the post-Cold War era. In 1996, the United States maintains a diminished, yet still significant land and aviation presence in Europe and in Korea. In addition, it supports a robust maritime presence, including aircraft carrier baffle groups and Marine Expeditionary Units, in the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf and East Asia. America's military presence outside the European landmass was never merely a function of the Cold War. Indeed, the term did not appear in versions of the official Joint Chiefs of Staff Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (JCS Pub. 1) that were published during that era. The passing of the Cold War has, however, brought to the fore a debate over the underlying rationale for maintaining that presence for the foreseeable future. In that vein, the Navy currently is reviewing its long-term requirements in order to continue to carry out its presence mission as part of the National Military Strategy. The Navy's effort is being incorporated into the Forward Engagement/ Conventional Deterrence Joint Military Assessment.

Descriptors :   *NATIONAL SECURITY, *INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, *ECONOMICS, *NAVAL OPERATIONS, *NAVAL PLANNING, FORWARD AREAS, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, MILITARY STRATEGY, LESSONS LEARNED, PEACETIME, MIDDLE EAST, COST ANALYSIS, MOBILIZATION, COMBAT READINESS, POLITICAL ALLIANCES, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, MEDITERRANEAN SEA, INSTABILITY, NAVAL TRAINING, ASIA, DETERRENCE, OVERSEAS, FAR EAST, CRUDE OIL, LIMITED WARFARE.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Military Intelligence
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE