Accession Number : ADA319956

Title :   Reaching Black Women for a Dietary Intervention to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 15 Aug 95-14 Aug 96,

Corporate Author : MEHARRY MEDICAL COLL NASHVILLE TN

Personal Author(s) : Hargreaves, Margaret K.

PDF Url : ADA319956

Report Date : SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 180

Abstract : This report presents information on four parallel lines of investigation: (1) The Questionnaire measuring the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) constructs of Stage, Process, Decisional Balance, Self Efficacy, and Situational Temptation were validated in a sample of 207 African-American Women (mean age, 40 years; average educational level, 14.9 years), when compared with results obtained in a white population. (2) Correlational analyses between reported stage of change and dietary fat intake revealed a discrepancy in perception of fat intake and dietary behaviors at the higher stages of change. An Eating Styles Questionnaire (ESQ) developed from results of a cluster analysis revealed where individuals fail in the process of selecting appropriate foods when changing dietary fat intake. The ESQ should facilitate dietary counseling procedures. (3) A 52-item Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ) has been developed, and six factor-analytically-derived scales have been derived (low fat eating, snacking and convenience, planning, emotional eating, meal skipping, cultural/lifestyle factors). The EBPQ promises a good approach to behavioral assessment of dietary fat intake. (4) The second draft of a Dietary Intervention Manual has been prepared to facilitate behavior change in African-American Women, using the TTM guidelines. This intervention will be tested in 200 women in Year 3 of the project.

Descriptors :   *REDUCTION, *WOMEN, *DIET, *INTERVENTION, *AFRICAN AMERICANS, *BREAST CANCER, EDUCATION, CLUSTERING, MEALS, LEVEL(QUANTITY), MANUAL OPERATION, BEHAVIOR, FATS, FOOD, QUESTIONNAIRES, COUNSELING.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Food, Food Service and Nutrition

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE