Accession Number : ADA320284

Title :   The Use of Task-Specific Lenses by Presbyopic Air Traffic Controllers at the En Route Radar Console.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OKLAHOMA CITY OK CIVIL AEROMEDICAL INST

Personal Author(s) : Nakagawara, Van B. ; Wood, Kathryn J.

PDF Url : ADA320284

Report Date : DEC 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : The configuration of the radar console to control aircraft traffic has similar features to a visual display terminal (VDT) work station. Task-specific lenses have been found in clinical studies to reduce visual symptoms while working at the VDT. The American Optical Corporation TruVision Technica, a task-specific lens design, was evaluated to see if visual benefits from such a lens could be transferred from the VDT environment to the radar console work environment. Presbyopic Air Traffic Control Specialists (ATCSs) at the Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center were fitted with two prescription spectacles, using their current and Technica lens designs, in similar ophthalmic frames. Each ATCS used both lens designs at the radar console and provided subjective evaluations of their appropriateness in that environment. Thirteen (13) subjects (45.6 plus or minus 5.9 years of age, range 36-55 years) completed the study. Subjects who used larger near viewing area (single vision and executive) lens designs generally preferred their current lens design. The Technica was preferred by mature presbyopes (add power of greater than or equal to 1.25 diopters) and those using smaller near viewing area (FT-25, FT-28 and general progressive addition) lens designs. The primary complaints reported by ATCSs with the Technica were peripheral distortion and limited field of view. Task-specific lens designs are an alternative for presbyopic ATCS who work at a radar console. However, distortion and limited field of view from the lens may require prolonged adaptation times before such designs are acceptable to ATCS on the job, especially for those accustomed to lens designs with larger viewing areas.

Descriptors :   *AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS, *CATHODE RAY TUBE SCREENS, *EYEGLASSES, STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY), HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, AIRPORT RADAR SYSTEMS, WORK STATIONS, VISUAL PERCEPTION, SENSES(PHYSIOLOGY), TOLERANCES(PHYSIOLOGY), VISUAL AIDS, OPHTHALMOLOGY, FATIGUE(PHYSIOLOGY), ADAPTATION(PHYSIOLOGY), AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TERMINAL AREAS.

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
      Air Navigation and Guidance
      Terminal Flight Facilities

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE