Accession Number : ADA320892

Title :   Training Critical Thinking Skills for Battlefield Situation Assessment: An Experimental Test.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 94-Sep 96,

Corporate Author : COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES INC ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Cohen, Marvin S. ; Freeman, Jared T. ; Fallesen, Jon J. ; Marvin, F. F. ; Bresnick, Terry A..

PDF Url : ADA320892

Report Date : OCT 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 63

Abstract : In battlefield situation assessment, officers must interpret information that is incomplete, unreliable, and often conflicting and gather new information to improve their assessments and plans. In previous work, a framework for these cognitive activities was developed based on interviews with activity-duty command staff, and a training method was developed. That training helped officers to find and assess the reliability of hidden assumptions and to resolve conflicting evidence. Forty-three U.S. Army officers participated in an experimental training study with scenario-based tests. Trained officers generated more accurate arguments concerning a given assessment than did controls. Improvements in quality were related to the increased relevance of their judgments. In some problems, training countered a tendency to change hypotheses too readily; in other problems, training countered a tendency to hold on to a hypothesis too long. Training did not decrease confidence in evaluations, nor did it hypersensitize officers to information.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *ARMY TRAINING, *BATTLE MANAGEMENT, ARMY PERSONNEL, BATTLEFIELDS, COGNITION, REASONING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), MENTAL ABILITY, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE