Accession Number : ADA321399

Title :   Knowledge and Beliefs of Breast Cancer Among Elderly Puerto Rican Women.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 20 Sep 95-19 Sep 96,

Corporate Author : PUERTO RICO UNIV SAN JUAN

Personal Author(s) : Sanchez-Ayendez, Melba

PDF Url : ADA321399

Report Date : OCT 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 194

Abstract : This project consist of a qualitative and quantitative study of older Puerto Rican women's beliefs and knowledge of breast cancer and their early detection practices. This report centers on the analysis of focus groups, the validation of the questionnaire for a national survey, and the data collection of the national survey. Focus groups provided insight to address cultural and cohort sensitive issues in the questionnaire. A detailed content analysis emphasizing vocabulary, themes and issues expressed by the women is included. Differences and similarities were stressed according to area of residence and level of education. Education was important in terms of results. A questionnaire was constructed using results from the focus groups and existent scientific literature. Validity and reliability techniques were used for the validation process of the questionnaire. The validation process is described in detail in the report. Fifty women were interviewed twice to evaluate instrument reliability. Two scales were constructed as result of validity measures: belief and knowledge scales. The knowledge scale was subdivided into three sub scales: risks, symptoms and early-detection practices. The validated questionnaire was used to collect information sample of 500 elderly Puerto Rican women by area of residence and social class.

Descriptors :   *WOMEN, *PUERTO RICO, *BREAST CANCER, DETECTION, RISK, EDUCATION, CROSS CULTURE(SOCIOLOGY), VALIDATION, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, RELIABILITY, SURVEYS, SCALE, DATA ACQUISITION, FOCUSING, VOCABULARY, QUESTIONNAIRES, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE, GROUP THERAPY.

Subject Categories : Information Science
      Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE