Accession Number : ADA321790

Title :   Development of a Laboratory Test to Predict Scuffing Performance of High-Temperature Engine Oils.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. Jul 93-Jul 96,

Corporate Author : SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX TARDEC FUELS AND LUBRICANTS RESEARCH F ACILITY

Personal Author(s) : Lacey, P. I. ; Frame, E. A.

PDF Url : ADA321790

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 44

Abstract : The requirements placed on lubricating oils at the top ring reversal point are becoming increasingly severe due to recent changes in engine technology, most of which are driven by emissions regulations. As a result, revised engine tests to evaluate cylinder liner scuffing are being introduced to engine oil specifications. Despite the high cost and generally poor repeatability of full-scale engine data, no laboratory screener test is commercially available. In the present study, various lubricant characteristics were correlated with the level of scuffing in the Detroit Diesel 6V92TA engine test. Good initial agreement was obtained with lubricant volatility measured at 525 deg C, which is predicted to be the approximate contact temperature under the most extreme conditions likely to exist during normal operation. Measurement of lubricant volatility, however, yields no indication of additive response and also appears to become less accurate when applied to unconventional basestocks. As a result, a laboratory-scale wear test was developed to predict scuffing resistance under high stress conditions. The results of wear and volatility tests are combined using a simple equation to form the Diesel Engine Oil Scuff Test (DEOST). The resulting methodology provides an R squared correlation of 70 percent with scuffing measured in the 6V92TA engine and is sensitive to both basestock characteristics and antiwear additives. In addition, the DEOST results indicated that viscosity index improvers provide little benefit under high-temperature operation, an effect commonly observed by failure of petroleum-based multigrade oils in the 6V92TA engine test.

Descriptors :   *HIGH TEMPERATURE, *ENGINES, *LUBRICATING OILS, TEST AND EVALUATION, STRESSES, EMISSION, DIESEL ENGINES, MEASUREMENT, TEMPERATURE, LABORATORY TESTS, SPECIFICATIONS, TEST METHODS, LININGS, REVERSIBLE, ADDITIVES, VOLATILITY, RINGS, REGULATIONS, LUBRICANTS, WEAR RESISTANCE, VISCOSITY INDEX.

Subject Categories : Jet and Gas Turbine Engines
      Rocket Engines
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids
      Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE