Accession Number : ADA322088

Title :   Weather Effects in Selected Air Warfare Simulations.

Descriptive Note : Scientific rept. no. 4,

Corporate Author : SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CORP HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Burgeson, John

PDF Url : ADA322088

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 42

Abstract : This report describes the results of a limited review of some of the literature on weather effects on electro-optical weapon systems, and how selected military models account for these effects. THUNDER simulates a conventional campaign that emphasizes the air war and accounts for the effects of ceiling and visibility on the air war. The Extended Air Defense Simulation (EADSIM) ignores weather effects. When executed at high resolution, THUNDER simulates some of the effects of weather on the air war, especially air-to-ground attack missions. Weather forecasts of ceiling and visibility affect mission planning and arming of aircraft; 'actual' ceiling and visibility affect the use of airbases and the probability of target acquisition, discrimination and kill. The only weather factors explicitly allowed are ceiling and visibility, both of which are user-provided. The user controls all input, including weather and probabilities, through formatted data files. THUNDER's approach to weather effects should be validated. For example, the goodness of probabilities of success of various portions of an attack mission affected by weather (e.g. Are probability models physics-based?), the realism of other weather-related user input, and the degree of THUNDER's sensitivity to weather input needs to be determined. Other conclusions and recommendations are provided.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, *WEATHER, *ELECTROOPTICS, *MODELS, *WEAPON SYSTEMS, *AERIAL WARFARE, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, INPUT, KILL PROBABILITIES, TARGET ACQUISITION, TARGET DISCRIMINATION, HIGH RESOLUTION, WEATHER FORECASTING, AIR TO SURFACE, MISSIONS, VISIBILITY, CEILING.

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices
      Computer Programming and Software
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE