Accession Number : ADA322156

Title :   The Role of the House Armed Services and Foreign Affairs Committees in Use of Force Policymaking 1975-1991.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Howard, Christopher B.

PDF Url : ADA322156

Report Date : 09 JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 562

Abstract : This dissertation demonstrates that from 1975-1991, the House Foreign Affairs (HFAC) and House Armed Services (HASC) Committees played unique, consistent, and identifiable roles in the four decisiontaking phases of use of force policymaking: the deployment of force; regulation of the sustainment of force; the recall of force, and retrospective assessment. Furthermore, these roles constituted a pattern that was primarily the result of three factors: institutional and organizational characteristics of Congress; nature of the conflict; and public support for the involvement of US forces. The two Committees did not, however, perform the same acts in every event. Instead, they engaged in general activities including oversight, investigation, and passing legislation which constituted a pattern unique to use of force policymaking. The pattern, moreover, changed most notably when the conflict's nature intensified, and when the employment assumed the trademarks of the Vietnam War. In addition to explaining what roles Armed Services and Foreign Affairs performed in use of force policymaking, this dissertation: (1) develops a more comprehensive explanation of legislative-executive relations in use of force policymaking that clarifies events from 1975 through 1991; (2) identifies the context in which the HFAC and HASC exercised the most influence with respect to the executive branch; and (3) demonstrates the effect of roles played by the HFAC and HASC in other areas of foreign policymaking on their role in force employment policymaking.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *CONGRESS, *DEPLOYMENT, *POLICIES, *DECISION MAKING, *PANEL(COMMITTEE), LOGISTICS SUPPORT, ORGANIZATIONS, THESES, LEGISLATION, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, RECALL.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Government and Political Science
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE