Accession Number : ADA322335

Title :   The 1995 Gender Integration of Basic Combat Training Study.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Aug 93-Sep 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Mottern, Jacqueline A. ; Foster, David A. ; Brady, Elizabeth J. ; Marshall-Mies, Joanne

PDF Url : ADA322335

Report Date : FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 126

Abstract : This report summarizes a series of studies from 1993 through 1995 of the attitudes of soldiers-in-training and their training cadre during squad-level, gender-integrated Basic Combat Training (BCT) for soldiers in Combat Support and Combat Service Support military occupational specialties. During each of the three phases, soldiers completed a pre-training and post-training questionnaire, and the training cadre completed a post-training questionnaire. A total of 3,963 soldiers and 277 training cadre were surveyed. Focus groups were conducted with all-male and/or all-female groups from each of the participating companies and with male and female training drill sergeants. Training performance and soldierization in a gender-integrated environment were more positive for female soldiers and as positive as single-gender training for male soldiers. Preparation of drill sergeants-especially training to work with and train female soldiers-is key to the success of gender-integrated BCT. Chain of command support is necessary for continued success of gender-integrated training.

Descriptors :   *ARMY TRAINING, *MALES, *FEMALES, ARMY PERSONNEL, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), COMBAT SUPPORT, ENLISTED PERSONNEL, INTEGRATION, WOMEN, COMBAT FORCES, QUESTIONNAIRES, MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES, SQUAD LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE