Accession Number : ADA322369

Title :   The Effects of Brief Psychotherapy on Coping with Breast Cancer.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 1 Oct 95-30 Sep 96,

Corporate Author : NORTH DAKOTA STATE UNIV FARGO

Personal Author(s) : McCaul, Kevin D.

PDF Url : ADA322369

Report Date : OCT 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to test an intervention designed to facilitate the coping efforts of women diagnosed with Stage I or Stage II breast cancer. Our novel approach tested the effects of brief psychotherapy provided by phone. The final sample included 61 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer who were randomly assigned to either the phone treatment or a "standard treatment" condition. Treatment participants received ten therapy phone contacts with psychology graduate students. Therapy focused on cognitive-behavioral treatment and occurred weekly for 1 month and then every- other-week for the next 3 months. Distress and quality of life measures were collected at pretest, after treatment, and at a 10-month follow-up. The best predictor of distress was coping style: Women who reported more avoidant coping were more distressed. In general, treatment women were satisfied with therapy and felt that they could openly discuss important issues. Therapy outcome data immediately following treatment showed no advantage for quality of life outcomes. Treatment women did report improvements in terms of distress, but they were not significantly better than control participants. Phone therapy is acceptable, but it may not be powerful enough to strongly influence important outcomes.

Descriptors :   *PSYCHOTHERAPY, *BREAST CANCER, STUDENTS, COGNITION, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), QUALITY, FEAR, BEHAVIOR, WOMEN, LIVING STANDARDS, ANXIETY, EMOTIONS, FRUSTRATION.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE