Accession Number : ADA322393

Title :   Military Base Closures: The Impact on California Communities.

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA

PDF Url : ADA322393

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 2

Abstract : Communities surrounding California military bases that closed in the early 1990s have fared much better than state and local authorities predicted, with some experiencing little or no economic or population declines. The negative effects of base closures were highly localized, with little spillover into more distant areas. So concludes a recent RAND study that gauged how local communities weathered the closure of three military bases in California between 1992 and 1995. While noting that the closures disrupted economic and social life in the affected communities, the study found that the consequences were neither catastrophic nor as severe as local and military authorities had feared. The study results likely will have implications for how policymakers decide to shut down military bases in the future-decisions that have become so politically charged that Congress created the Base Realignment and Adjustment Commission to take them out of its hands. The study also points out the dilemma that confronts policymakers when facing base-closure decisions. While communities clearly gained benefits from nearby military bases in the past, the future effects of shutting down these bases are difficult to gauge, and policymakers want to be sure that whatever governmental assistance they provide to affected communities is truly needed. To make these decisions, policymakers traditionally have relied either on socioeconomic projections done before bases shut down (and often commissioned by local authorities to lobby against shutdowns) or on studies of the long-term effects of closures, which have been conducted long after shutdowns occurred. Neither approach solves the real-time needs of policymakers.

Descriptors :   *COMMUNITIES, *ECONOMIC IMPACT, *BASE CLOSURES, SHUTDOWNS, CONGRESS, MILITARY FACILITIES, DECISION MAKING, SCHOOLS, FORECASTING, CALIFORNIA, LABOR, CIVILIAN POPULATION, SOCIOLOGY, HOUSING(DWELLINGS), UNEMPLOYMENT.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE