Accession Number : ADA322421

Title :   Evolution-Based Methods for Selecting Point Data for Object Localization: Applications to Computer-Assisted Surgery.

Corporate Author : CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Baluja, Shumeet ; Simon, David A.

PDF Url : ADA322421

Report Date : 01 NOV 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : Object localization has applications in many areas of engineering and science. The goal is to spatially locate an arbitrarily-shaped object. In many applications, it is desirable to minimize the number of measurements collected for this purpose, while ensuring sufficient localization accuracy. In surgery, for example, collecting a large number of localization measurements may either extend the time required to perform a surgical procedure, or increase the radiation dosage to which a patient is exposed. Localization accuracy is a function of the spatial distribution of discrete measurements over an object when measurement noise is present. In Simon et al., 1995a, metrics were presented to evaluate the information available from a set of discrete object measurements. In this study, new approaches to the discrete point data selection problem are described. These include hillclimbing, genetic algorithms (GAs), and Population-Based Incremental Learning (PBIL). Extensions of the standard GA and PBIL methods, which employ multiple parallel populations, are explored. The results of extensive empirical testing are provided. The results suggest that a combination of PBIL and hillclimbing result in the best overall performance. A computer-assisted surgical system which incorporates some of the methods presented in this paper is currently being evaluated in cadaver trials. Shumeet Baluja was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Student Fellowship and a Graduate Student Fellowship from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, administered by the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX. David Simon was partially supported by a National Science Foundation National Challenge grant (award IRI-9422734).

Descriptors :   *COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN, *COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, *MEDICAL SERVICES, *SURGERY, *COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY, *MEDICAL COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, TEST AND EVALUATION, ALGORITHMS, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, MEASUREMENT, STUDENTS, ACCURACY, POPULATION, THREE DIMENSIONAL, ENGINEERING, NOISE, PARALLEL ORIENTATION, ADAPTERS, GENETICS, RADIATION DOSAGE.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Cybernetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE