Accession Number : ADA322455

Title :   Screening of Aquatic and Wetland Plant Species for Phytoremediation of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater from the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Best, Elly P. ; Zappi, Mark E. ; Fredrickson, Herb L. ; Sprecher, Susan L. ; Larson, Steven L.

PDF Url : ADA322455

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 74

Abstract : Munitions material such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and their combustion and decomposition products can enter the environment from production activities and field usage and disposal (Small and Rosenblatt 1974; Spanggord et al. 1983). The presence of these substances is of concern because of their potential toxicity and mutagenicity (Marvin-Sikkema and De Bont 1994). The purposeful use of plants for cleanup of the environment has received relatively little attention despite the fact that plants, like microorganisms, play an important role in nature in sustaining and restoring environments. The capabilities of plants to absorb, accumulate, and metabolize, directly or indirectly, various organic substances suggest their use in the remediation of contaminated environments (phytoremediation).

Descriptors :   *EXPLOSIVES, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *CONTAMINATION, *RDX, *TNT, *MICROORGANISMS, *AQUATIC PLANTS, ENVIRONMENTS, PRODUCTION, MATERIALS, TOXICITY, ARMY FACILITIES, COMBUSTION, GROUND WATER, ORGANIC MATERIALS, AMMUNITION, CLEANING, DISPOSAL, WETLANDS, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, BIODEGRADATION, DECOMPOSITION, IOWA, PLANTS(BOTANY).

Subject Categories : Biological Oceanography
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE